[140] Oil accounted for 35 billion dollars in Oklahoma's economy in 2007,[141] and employment in the state's oil industry was outpaced by five other industries in 2007. [193] The Oklahoma Mozart Festival in Bartlesville is one of the largest classical music festivals on the southern plains,[194] and Oklahoma City's Festival of the Arts has been named one of the top fine arts festivals in the nation. [265] Tulsa International Airport, the state's second-largest commercial airport, served more than 1.3 million boardings in 2010. While Indian reservations typical in most of the United States are not present in Oklahoma, tribal governments hold land granted during the Indian Territory era, but with limited jurisdiction and no control over state governing bodies such as municipalities and counties. The blue field signifies devotion, the shield is a symbol of defensive or protective warfare, but always surmounted by the olive branch and peace pipe which betoken the love of peace by a united people. [274] State officials are elected by plurality voting in the state of Oklahoma. Die Winter sind deutlich kürzer. Oklahoma later became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, and it was officially approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers. Democrats are strongest in the eastern part of the state and Little Dixie, as well as the most heavily African American and inner parts of Oklahoma City and Tulsa. [287] Two of the fifty largest cities in the United States are in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and sixty-five percent of Oklahomans live within their metropolitan areas, or spheres of economic and social influence defined by the United States Census Bureau as a metropolitan statistical area. The blue field comes from a flag carried by Choctaw soldiers during the civil war. Delaware | Das im Nordwesten gelegene Guymon verfügt über ein semiarides Klima mit mäßigen Niederschlägen, die größtenteils in den Sommermonaten fallen. The politician Edward P. McCabe encouraged Black settlers to come to what was then Indian Territory. [218] In 2006, Tulsa's Oktoberfest was named one of the top 10 in the world by USA Today and one of the top German food festivals in the nation by Bon Appétit magazine. [50], Oklahoma is in a humid subtropical region. [31] Die Tinker Air Force Base blieb auch während des Kalten Kriegs in Nutzung. Other companies in Tulsa include Heller Theatre and Tulsa Spotlight Theater. The name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw language phrase okla humma, literally meaning red people. Seit den 1990er-Jahren hat auch in Oklahoma eine Tertiärisierung der Gesellschaft stattgefunden, wobei der Staat nicht ganz mit der Entwicklung in den gesamten Vereinigten Staaten mithalten konnte. Nachts kühlt es um bis zu 20 °C ab. Dagegen hat der Eufaula Lake mit 400 km² die größte Fläche. Newkirk, das im äußersten Norden Oklahomas liegt, hat ein vollhumides Kontinentalklima. [46], Die wirtschaftlichen Aktivitäten der Indianerstämme im 19. [124][125], According to the Pew Research Center, the majority of Oklahoma's religious adherents are Christian, accounting for about 80 percent of the population. The Senate has 48 members serving four-year terms, while the House has 101 members with two-year terms. #123906118 - Flag State of Oklahoma painted on male fist, strength,power,concept.. Jahrhundert kamen Afroamerikaner über den Pfad der Tränen in das heutige Oklahoma, wo sie von den Indianerstämmen als Sklaven gehalten wurden. [243] Oklahoma ranked last among the 50 states in a 2007 study by the Commonwealth Fund on health care performance. Neben den typischen Präriegräsern kommen auch Sträucher und kleinere Bäume vor. Die traditionellen nordamerikanischen Ballsportarten wie Football, Basketball und Baseball sind auch in Oklahoma populär. Seit der Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten 1952 wählten die Bürger ausschließlich die republikanischen Kandidaten mit Ausnahme des Jahres 1964, als Lyndon B. Johnson in Oklahoma das Rennen machte. Oklahoma liegt weitgehend im Bereich der Inneren Ebenen. [228][229], Two private institutions in Tulsa, the University of Tulsa and Oral Roberts University; are also Division I members. Male Female. Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs wurde die Tinker Air Force Base errichtet. [279] While each municipality operates as a separate and independent local government with executive, legislative and judicial power, county governments maintain jurisdiction over both incorporated cities and non-incorporated areas within their boundaries, but have executive power but no legislative or judicial power. Wagoner | [19] Vollständig verschwunden sind der Schwarzfußiltis, der Rotwolf, der Wolf und der Braunbär. Material Nylon. However, during the 1910s and 1920s, many Oklahomans began to associate the red flag with Communism and labeled it the "red rag of sedition." Mary Linn, an associate professor of anthropology at the University of Oklahoma and the associate curator of Native American languages at the Sam Noble Museum, notes Oklahoma also has high levels of language endangerment. [29][91], In 1995, Oklahoma City was the site of one of the most destructive act of domestic terrorism in American history. Die Folge war ein Strukturwandel, der zu Beginn des 20. Secs . [188] The state has also been associated with a negative cultural stereotype first popularized by John Steinbeck's 1939 novel The Grapes of Wrath, which described the plight of uneducated, poverty-stricken Dust Bowl-era farmers deemed "Okies". In jenem Krieg entstanden viele Militäreinrichtungen und damit Tausende Arbeitsplätze. [102], In 2011, U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey data from 2005 to 2009 indicated about 5% of Oklahoma's residents were born outside the United States. Kongresses gelang es den Demokraten wieder, einen Abgeordneten zu stellen. So werden die Heimspiele der Oklahoma Sooners von bis zu 80.000 Fans verfolgt, während das Stadion der Oklahoma State Cowboys etwa 60.000 Zuschauer fasst. The state had a team in the Women's National Basketball Association, the Tulsa Shock, from 2010 through 2015, but the team relocated to Dallas–Fort Worth after that season[221] and became the Dallas Wings.[222]. [citation needed], By the early 20th century, the Greenwood district of Tulsa was one of the most prosperous African-American communities in the United States. Every single county in Oklahoma has been won by Republican candidates in presidential elections since 2004. Each Oklahoma State Cowboys Flag including House Flag, Football Flag, Banner, and Pennant Flag are Licensed by the NCAA and the Oklahoma State Cowboys. Oklahoma's centennial celebration was named the top event in the United States for 2007 by the American Bus Association,[212] and consisted of multiple celebrations saving with the 100th anniversary of statehood on November 16, 2007. [43] A portion of the Flint Hills stretches into north-central Oklahoma, and near the state's eastern border, The Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department regards Cavanal Hill as the world's tallest hill; at 1,999 feet (609 m), it fails their definition of a mountain by one foot. The state also has the second-greatest number of active drilling rigs,[141][147] and it is even ranked fifth in crude oil reserves. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Nach Westen geht das Zentrale Tiefland in die Great Plains über. Oklahoma ist bei den Ausgaben für Kunst und Kultur im Mittelfeld der USA (Platz 17) und hat über 300 größere Museen. The Ozark and Ouachita Mountains rise from west to east over the state's eastern third, gradually increasing in elevation in an eastward direction. [30] Robert S. Kerr, der aus dem Ölgeschäft stammte und von 1943 bis 1946 Gouverneur war, unterstützte den New Deal und nutzt seine Verbindungen in Washington, um für seinen Bundesstaat weitere Mittel zu sichern. [240], In 2000, Oklahoma ranked 45th in physicians per capita and slightly below the national average in nurses per capita, but was slightly above the national average in hospital beds per 100,000 people and above the national average in net growth of health services over a twelve-year period. Life expectancy for the state as a whole was 76.0 years. [157], Oklahoma Gas & Electric, commonly referred to as OG&E (NYSE: OGE) operates four base electric power plants in Oklahoma. This represented that Oklahoma was the 46th state to be admitted to the Union. Es gibt viele andere, vor allem protestantisch geprägte, Konfessionen. [275], The Legislature of Oklahoma consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. [70] In the 18th century, Kiowa, Apache, and Comanche entered the region from the west and Quapaw and Osage peoples moved into what is now eastern Oklahoma. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Oklahoma State Flag in … 780, establishing Oklahoma as the 46th state in the Union. Tillman | It is … [28] It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Oklahoma State Flag sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. [63], Evidence suggests indigenous peoples traveled through Oklahoma as early as the last ice age. Frost tritt an durchschnittlich 60 Tagen im Jahr im Südosten und an 140 Tagen im Nordwesten auf. Die häufigsten Vogelarten sind Wiesenstärling, Spottdrossel, Wanderdrossel, Blauhäher, Krähe und Sperling. Für Rotwild, Otter, Waschbär, Nerz und Grauhörnchen bedeutet der Übergang von Wald- zu Prärielandschaft die westseitige Grenze ihres Verbreitungsgebiets. [36] Das Oklahoma Mozart Festival in Bartlesville gilt als zentrales Festivals klassischer Musik im amerikanischen Süden. Dazu gehören Yvonne Chouteau, Marjorie und Maria Tallchief, Rosella Hightower und Moscelyne Larkin, die als The Five Moons bekannt wurden. Guam | Coal | The state has 55 post-secondary technical institutions operated by Oklahoma's CareerTech program for training in specific fields of industry or trade. Georgia | [56], Of Oklahoma's federally protected parks or recreational sites, the Chickasaw National Recreation Area is the largest, with 9,898.63 acres (40.0583 km2). [42], Among the most geographically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, with 11 in its borders—more per square mile than in any other state. Missouri | Lincoln | [45], Due to Oklahoma's location at the confluence of many geographic regions, the state's climatic regions have a high rate of biodiversity. Creek | Designed and Sold by swiftscuba. The Oklahoma legislature adopted it in 1911. [250]=, The residents of Oklahoma have a lower life expectancy than average compared to many other states. [167], The University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University, the University of Central Oklahoma, and Northeastern State University are the largest public institutions of higher education in Oklahoma, operating through one primary campus and satellite campuses throughout the state. Dieses Gesetz war in Oklahoma einzigartig, da es Afroamerikanern verbot, Angehörige irgendeiner fremden Rasse heiraten zu dürfen. [51] Der Flughafen Tulsa (Tulsa International Airport) ist der zweitgrößte des Bundesstaates mit 1,3 Millionen Check-ins im Jahre 2010. Kansas | Jahrhundert dienten vorrangig der Selbstversorgung und beschränkten sich auf den Anbau von Baumwolle, Viehzucht und die Jagd. Airports", "Tulsa International Airport—Airline Information", "Will Rogers World Airports—Airline Information", "Federal matching funds may help bring Amtrak to Tulsa", "Report of the Governor's Commission on Government Performance", "Metro About Jenks population figures ... doubled in size since 2000 census", "Oklahoma Attorney General's Opinions: Question Submitted by: The Honorable Enoch Kelly Haney, Oklahoma State Senate", "Native Americans and the Law: Native Americans Under Current United States Law", "Presidential General Election Results Comparison—Oklahoma", "Registration by Party as of January 15, 2015", "2000–2010 Oklahoma Incorporated Place Populations", "P1 Total Population All Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (or parts) within Oklahoma", "Oklahoma House approves 'In God We Trust' for state motto", Oklahoma State Guide from the Library of Congress, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma QuickFacts Geographic and Demographic information, Realtime USGS geographic, weather, and geologic information, Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oklahoma&oldid=999775483, Cherokee-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1907, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Choctaw-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2000, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Number of employer establishments: 93,561, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 22:16. Texas | Jarvisinsel | [164] In 2004, the state ranked 36th in the nation for the relative number of adults with high school diplomas, though at 85.2 percent, it had the highest rate among Southern states. [24] Die größten indianischen Gruppen sind Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muskogee und Seminolen. [134] In 2005, international exports from Oklahoma's manufacturing industry totaled $4.3 billion, accounting for 3.6 percent of its economic impact. Das Territorium rückte durch die aufstrebende Ölindustrie in den Mittelpunkt. [9], Oklahoma wird immer wieder von verschiedenen Naturkatastrophen heimgesucht. [209] The Oklahoma City Museum of Art contains the most comprehensive collection of glass sculptures by artist Dale Chihuly in the world,[210] and Oklahoma City's National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum documents the heritage of the American Western frontier. Indiana | [42] The state is home to the Storm Prediction Center, the National Severe Storms Laboratory, and the Warning Decision Training Division, all part of the National Weather Service and in Norman. Dagegen sind Jahre, in denen die Marke von 100 °F (circa 38 °C) nicht überschritten wird, sehr selten. Kingmanriff | Dafür gelangten die Hausmaus, die Wanderratte, die Hausratte und die Nutria durch menschlichen Einfluss in die Neue Welt und schließlich nach Oklahoma.[20]. Its residents are known as Oklahomans (or colloquially "Okies"), and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City. [241] One of the worst states for percentage of insured people, nearly 25 percent of Oklahomans between the age of 18 and 64 did not have health insurance in 2005, the fifth-highest rate in the nation. Seminole | Beispiele für diese Landschaft sind die Ouachita Mountains sowie die das Ozark-Plateau. [110], Under Oklahoma law, municipalities are divided into two categories: cities, defined as having more than 1,000 residents, and towns, with under 1,000 residents. [48] Die Arbeitslosenquote liegt mindestens seit 2001 ununterbrochen unterhalb des US-Durchschnitts. [244], The OU Medical Center, Oklahoma's largest collection of hospitals, is the only hospital in the state designated a Level I trauma center by the American College of Surgeons. Garfield | Beckham | Oklahoma's flag celebrates more than 60 tribes of Native Americans and their ancestors. Gifts to OSU have created more than 3,000 scholarship funds, benefiting thousands of students for generations. [104][105], The state had the second-highest number of Native Americans in 2002, estimated at 395,219, as well as the second-highest percentage among all states (behind Alaska). [280][281] Other local government units include school districts, technology center districts, community college districts, rural fire departments, rural water districts, and other special use districts. The state has four schools that compete at the highest level of college sports, NCAA Division I. [52] Zwischen diesen beiden verkehren sechs Fluggesellschaften.[53][54]. [224] In July 2008, the Seattle SuperSonics relocated to Oklahoma City and began to play at the Ford Center as the Oklahoma City Thunder for the 2008–09 season, becoming the state's first permanent major league franchise. Product Reviews × Recommended. Minnesota | US-$ gehandelt. [137] Oklahoma's gross domestic product grew from $131.9 billion in 2006 to $147.5 billion in 2010, a jump of 10.6 percent. Taking the colors red, white, and blue from the flag of the United States, the flag featured a large centered white star fimbriated in blue on a red field. [42] An average 62 tornadoes strike the state per year—one of the highest rates in the world. [81] Deliberations to make the territory into a state began near the end of the 19th century, when the Curtis Act continued the allotment of Indian tribal land. [58] Oklahoma lies in a transition zone between semi-arid further to the west, humid continental to the north, and humid subtropical to the east and southeast. Erst mit Vereidigung des 116. Logan | In den 1940er-Jahren konnte sich die Wirtschaft wieder erholen, weil der Ölpreis stieg und im Zuge des Zweiten Weltkriegs Militärstützpunkte in Oklahoma errichtet wurden. [240] Instances of major diseases are near the national average in Oklahoma, and the state ranks at or slightly above the rest of the country in percentage of people with asthma, diabetes, cancer, and hypertension. Süden ein subtropisches Klima mit ganzjährig großen Regenmengen late Bob Childers und leben heute nur noch in.... 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