Mata Hari, one of history's most infamous spies, was executed in 1917 by the French for spying for the Germans. She also brought sanitary conditions to soldiers in wars, at a time when more soldiers typically died of disease than of injuries in battle. Aug 23, 2017, 14:45 EDT. She's best known for her support of mine workers in several key strikes. Journalist Isabel Allende fled Chile when her uncle, the president, was assassinated. Janet Reno was the first woman to hold the office of U.S. attorney general. Alice Walker, African American novelist and author of "The Color Purple," as well as an activist, depicted sexism, racism, and poverty that were met with the strengths of family, community, self-worth, and spirituality. She's also, to this date, the longest-serving British prime minister since 1894. Ava Gardner. Catherine the Great was never the same after Potemkin died. "Edward VIII: The Future King (R. Willa Cather, novelist, documented many periods of American culture, including the settling of the pioneer West. Did she save John Smith? Or did she? "Yoko Ono: 'John's affair wasn't hurtful to me. Great love stories and famous couples in history from romance movies include Romeo and Juliet to Ricky and Lucky. Catherine made Russia the dominant power in south-eastern Europe after her first Russo–Turkish War against the Ottoman Empire (1768–1774), which saw some of the greatest defeats in Turkish history, including the Battle of Chesma (5 July – 7 … Confessions of a Pop Culture Addict. Oprah Winfrey, talk show host, is also one of America's most successful businesspeople and a philanthropist. Emily Brontë was the middle of the three famous novelist and poet sisters of the 19th century, along with Charlotte Brontë and Anne Brontë. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. 5: Catherine the Great and Grigory Potemkin. Also: Nathan ... the Supremes did a 1968 Funny Girl album which may be one of the most gay-friendly acts of cultural cross-pollination in history. According to The Daily Mail, Lindsay penned a list of all of her 36 celebrity lovers while out on a drinking spree with friends. Author. Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers was named one of the top ten radical history books in The Guardian by Sheila Rowbothan in 2016 and it … She won the Nobel Peace Prize for her work. The Napoleon Series. Here is a list of famous lovers of the past, whose love stories have become legends and symbols of true, immortal love. "For the Love of Yoko: A Reexamination and Appreciation of Yoko Ono." The image of Mary and other saintly mothers in medieval paintings? Charlotte's best-known work is the novel Jane Eyre, which drew from her own experience as a student in an inhumane school and as a governess. I needed space." Mother Teresa of Calcutta, from Yugoslavia, decided early in her life that she had a religious vocation to serve the poor, and went to India to serve. There have been female figures throughout history who held powerful roles or played significantly influencial parts too. Frank Sinatra sang torch songs to her, but he was only one of the men whose heads were turned by the spectacular Ava Gardner. "Top Ten Great Love Affairs in History." Feb. 14, 2009. Sally Ride was a nationally ranked tennis player, but she chose physics over sports and ended up as the first American woman astronaut in space, a NASA planner, and a science professor. 1. It appears this mystery will never be definitively resolved. Join us Thursday for a live coronavirus Q&A: ... Meg Ryan and Billy Crystal are longtime friends who take the leap as lovers in the 1989 film. "Mark Antony." Throughout history there have been many powerful women who have led nations or guided armies into war, renowned not only as fearsome fighters, but also as cunning strategists and inspirational leaders. (Dec. 4, 2012) http://amolife.com/reviews/top-20-most-famous-love-stories-in-history-and-literature.html, BBC. She was considered an icon and epitomized a certain image for women in the 1940s and 1950s. Many female travel adventurers have become lost in time so, to celebrate International Women’s Day, we pick 10 incredible women who defied convention to undertake awe-inspiring journeys There may be some unexpected names, and if a favorite doesn't appear in this list, it's likely that she was indeed researched, since more than 300 women were included. After leaving her homeland, she turned to writing novels that look at life, especially women's lives, with both mythology and realism. Rosie the Riveter was a fictional character who represented the World War II civilian service on the homefront in the factory of many American women. There's Queen Elizabeth I of England, or her much-later relative, ​Queen Elizabeth II. She chose death rather than captivity when she lost this battle. Indira Gandhi was the prime minister of India and a member of a prominent Indian political family. Queen Isabella ranks as the 45th most searched woman: but there are several Queen Isabellas whom internet searchers might have been looking up. Her experiences and writings provide insight into the experience of the early Puritans in New England. 1 is the one most popular with searchers). From acclaimed actress to respected MP (Member of Parliament), she is known for her high intelligence and meticulous approach to her work. Was she guilty as charged? Erma Bombeck's humor helped document the life of women in the 20th century as wives and mothers in suburban homes. Emily Brontë is best remembered for her dark and unusual novel, "Wuthering Heights." History’s greatest love affair: Catherine the Great and Grigory Potemkin. Marie Antoinette, Queen Consort to Louis XVI of France, was unpopular with the French people, and ultimately was executed during the French Revolution. Pioneer environmentalist Rachel Carson wrote the book that helped create the environmentalist movement in the late 20th century. (Dec. 4, 2012) http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/features/diego-rivera-and-frida-kahlo-portraits-of-a-very-modern-marriage-2315354.html, The XO Directory. The mother of Jesus? Or so she admitted with all due modesty, whenever the subject came up.". The pages of history are littered with the names of powerful men. (Dec. 5, 2012) http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/moslive/article-1341102/Johns-Lennon-widow-Yoko-Ono-I-didnt-break-Beatles.html, Iley, Chrissy. A labor organizer, Mother Jones was born in Ireland and didn't become active in labor causes until she was in her late 50s. Her novels, including "Their Eyes Were Watching God," have enjoyed a revival in popularity since the 1970s, thanks to the efforts of writer Alice Walker. What's the Difference Between England, the U.K. and Great Britain? Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images, Museum of the City of New York/Archive Photos/Getty Images. Taylor was 29 and married to Eddie Fisher, her fourth husband, at the time. She later served as an ambassador. She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. This listing is just one recent snapshot of the searching ranks for women on the web. By weaving our way through art history—from a 16th-century court painter for King Philip II to the 20th-century icon that is Frida Kahlo—let's take a look at the strength, character, and talent of these exceptional women. Perhaps you can name more badass men in history than women. Other possible searches were for Isabella II of Spain, whose marriage and behavior helped stir up Europe's 19th-century political turmoil or Queen Isabella of Portugal, who served as regent of Spain during her husband's long absences. Which Queen Elizabeth is meant in the internet searches? Was the White House Really Trashed at Andrew Jackson's First Inauguration? She was a pagan martyr, torn apart by a mob of Christian monks. Calamity Jane was one of the best-known women of the American "Wild West." (Dec. 4, 2012) http://www.nypost.com/p/news/opinion/books/furious_love_the_love_letters_taylor_3RREnDd0ABuOMWMFVNDcGO, Classic Reader. Skip to content. Do men and women cheat for different reasons? "Top 20 Most Famous Love Stories in History and Literature." Jane Goodall observed and documented the life of chimps in the wild from 1970 into the 1990s, tirelessly working for the better treatment of chimpanzees. Mental Floss. It is a tribute/spoof of classic silent comedies and "old Hollywood" of the 1920s, specifically the popularity of romantic icon Rudolph Valentino Plot. Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman in the world to graduate from medical school. But from time to time, there have been women who have shone out as being equally powerful as the men in their time – some of whom have even gone on to shape the future of the world as we know it. "Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo: Portraits of a very modern marriage." Dec. 31, 2007. http://thexodirectory.com/2007/12/top-ten-great-love-affairs-in-history/, ThinkQuest. A rare woman among the Impressionist painters, Mary Cassatt often focused on themes of mothers and children. Marie Curie was the first well-known woman scientist in the modern world and is known as the "mother of modern physics" for her research in radioactivity. Her look helped define the 1920s and the 1950s. Diana, Princess of Wales—known as Princess Diana—captured hearts around the world with her fairy-tale romance, marital struggles, and then an untimely death. Abraham Lincoln suggested that Harriet Beecher Stowe was the woman who started the Civil War. They all received a … Mary was the Queen of France (as a consort) and Queen of Scotland (in her own right); her marriages caused scandal, and her Catholic religion and kinship with England's Queen Elizabeth I caused enough suspicion of her motives that Elizabeth had her executed. Some of these stories may be based on events that happened to a Mary Hays McCauley, who is most commonly associated with the name "Molly Pitcher," and some may be about a Margaret Corbin. Her popular books, television cooking shows, and videos kept her in the public eye. (Dec. 10, 2012) http://www.pbs.org/weta/fridakahlo/life/people.html, PBS. (Dec. 5, 2012) http://www.royalpaperdolls.com/ABStory.htm, Schneider, John. Josephine Baker was an exotic dancer who found fame in Paris, helped with the Nazi resistance, was accused of communist sympathies, worked for racial equality, and died shortly after her 1970s comeback. During her second run in 2016, she became the first female presidential candidate in U.S. history to be nominated by a major political party. Jane Fonda, an actress who was the daughter of actor Henry Fonda, was controversial over her Vietnam-era anti-war activities. Her many other awards include the National Medal for Literature, the American Book Award, and, in 1969, a Pulitzer Prize. (Dec. 4, 2012) http://www.abelardandheloise.com/Story.html, Amo Life. Amelia Earhart, a pioneer aviator (aviatrix), set many records before her 1937 disappearance during an attempt to fly around the world. There may be some unexpected names, and if a favorite doesn't appear in this list, it's likely that she was indeed researched, since more than 300 women were included. "Mark Antony Biography." Katharine Hepburn, a 20th-century film actress, often played strong women at a time when conventional wisdom said that traditional roles were all that would sell movie tickets. Shirin Ebadi (1947– ) An Iranian lawyer, Ebadi has fought for human rights in Iran, representing political dissidents and founding initiatives to promote democracy and human rights. Biblical character Salome is known for asking her stepfather, Antipas, for the head of John the Baptist, when he offered her a reward for her dancing at his birthday feast. (Dec. 8, 2012) http://www.nndb.com/people/036/000031940/, PBS. Margaret Mead was an American anthropologist whose groundbreaking work, especially in Samoa in the 1920s, was strongly critiqued after her death. Muckraking journalist Ida Tarbell was one of the few women to succeed in that circle. Michelle Kwan, a champion figure skater, is remembered by many for her Olympic performances, though the gold medal eluded her. Hillary Clinton, First Lady as wife to President Bill Clinton (1994–2001), was an attorney and reform advocate before moving to the White House. (Dec. 8, 2012) http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/2010/10/15/burton-and-the-wife-he-bought-for-a-million-dollars-91466-27474181/, Tweedle, Sam. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. She's also credited as a major influence, in her poetry, on Emily Dickinson. A proponent of her own privacy and that of her family, Caroline Kennedy (Schlossberg) is a lawyer and writer who has been in the public eye since her father, John F. Kennedy, took office as President in 1961. 1 is the one most popular with searchers).. Henry VIII was instantly smitten with Anne Boleyn. 1. She's known for her stream-of-consciousness style. Joan of Arc was burned at the stake after she helped restore the King of France to his throne. Even if Betsy Ross didn't make the first American flag (she may not have, despite the legend), her life and work shed light on the experience of women in colonial and revolutionary America. Billie Jean King was one of the greatest female tennis champions, who also battled for equal pay for women. When she died from a snake bite, Orpheus decided to … Davis's support for revolutionary Black activist George Jackson led to her arrest as a conspirator in the abortive attempt to free Jackson from a Marin County, California, courtroom. Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was his "eyes and ears" when he could not travel freely due to his disability. Maybe, maybe not. Orpheus and Eurydice. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2021 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. Their home at 27 rue de Fleurus was famous for being a hub of budding artistic and literary characters, and of all the couples on this list, the story of Stein and Toklas is perhaps the least convoluted/adulterous/blood-soaked: they pretty much just hung out together and loved each other. She's remembered for her toughness and for several controversies during her tenure. Here are eight of history’s greatest cat ladies. Coco Chanel was one of the 20th century's best-known fashion designers. She exposed the predatory pricing practices of John D. Rockefeller, and her articles about his company helped bring about the downfall of Standard Oil of New Jersey. "Elizabeth Barrett Browning." Her role in the early English settlement of Virginia was key to survival of the colonists. Dec. 30, 2010. Billie Holiday (born Eleanora Fagan and nicknamed Lady Day) was a dazzling jazz singer who came from a tough past and struggled against racial discrimination and her own addictions. The singer and sometimes-actress—and very successful self-promoter and businesswoman? Mary Shelley, the daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin, eloped with the poet Percy Shelley and later wrote the novel "Frankenstein" as part of a bet with Shelley and his friend George, Lord Byron. African American poet Nikki Giovanni's early work was influenced by the Black Power movement. According To A Poll, Men In These Countries Are Considered The World's Best (and Worst) Lovers. ... Few in modern British history have come as far or achieved as much from humble beginnings as Glenda Jackson has. March 7, 2012. Prince Edward abdicated the throne for Wallis Simpson. July 18, 2011. Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. The story of Helen Keller has inspired millions. The Latin lover stereotype was turned on its head, with Italian women, not men, taking the crown of best lovers alongside women from France, Canada and the United States. Both Valderrama and Best have vouched for Lohan's passionate performance in the sack. John Lennon and Yoko Ono worked to spread a message of world peace. (Dec. 5, 2012) http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2005/feb/24/an-affair-to-remember/?pagination=false, NNDB. "Lizzie Borden took an axe, and gave her mother 40 whacks." Lucille Ball is best known for her television shows, but she also appeared in dozens of films, was a Ziegfeld Girl, and was a successful businesswoman—the first woman to own a film studio. Part of the 1960s folk revival, with music that is still popular today, Judy Collins made history by singing during the Chicago 7 conspiracy trial. If you discard this thought as meaningless, take a look at the love stories of some of the most popular couples in history, whose undying love for each other have stood the test of time throughout centuries. Kings and Queens Russia. (Dec. 10, 2012), Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. (Dec. 4, 2012) http://www.1300flowers.com.au/flowers/greatest-love-affairs-history/, Abelard and Heloise. Empress Wu Zetian (624-705) was the only female Emperor in Chinese history, living during the Tang Dynasty. Her salon in Paris was a center of modernist culture. She emphasized cultural evolution and personal observation. Sacagawea (or Sacajawea) guided the Lewis and Clark expedition, not completely of her own volition. Toni Morrison won the 1993 Nobel Prize for literature and is known for writing about the experience of Black women. Florence Nightingale practically invented the profession of nursing. Wales Online. "Elizabeth Barrett Browning." The Montessori method, still popular today, is child- and experience-centered. Madonna: Which one? The sultry singer began at Harlem's Cotton Club and rose to stardom in both the film and music industries, even as she struggled to overcome the limitations placed on her career by racism. Women’s history is full of trailblazers in the fight for equality in the United States. Barbara Walters, the award-winning journalist specializing in interviews, was, at one time, the highest-paid woman news anchor. Shirley Temple Black was a child actress who charmed movie audiences. 1. The Daily Mail. June 5, 2004. (Dec. 12, 2012) http://www.classicreader.com/author/162/about/, Encyclopedia of World Biography. Cleopatra, the last Pharaoh of Egypt, had infamous liaisons with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony while trying to keep Egypt out of Rome's clutches. Her later work reflects her experience as a single mother. Feb 10, 2017 6:10pm. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was the intellectual leader and strategist of the 19th century's women's rights movement, though her friend and lifelong partner in activism, Susan B. Anthony, was more of a public face to the movement. Margaret Thatcher was the first woman prime minister in Europe. The pair first got to know one another in 1963, on the set of "Cleopatra." Less well known: her brief spy career. "10 Great Love Affairs in History." "Richard Burton." Napoleon was deeply in love with Josephine when they first married. Famous (or infamous) for her conservative politics, she also presided over the British retaking of the Falkland Islands from Argentina. "Anne Boleyn's Story." She is one of history’s greatest female rulers, an intelligent, ruthless and ambitious Empress who reigned over Russia for some 34 years, establishing herself as the most powerful woman of her time. Clara Barton, a pioneering nurse who served as an administrator in the Civil War and who helped identify missing soldiers at the end of the war, is credited as the founder of the American Red Cross. She won 67 professional titles including 20 titles at Wimbledon. (Dec. 8, 2012) http://www.biography.com/people/richard-burton-9232503, Boykin, Sam. Maria Montessori was the first woman to earn a medical degree from the University of Rome. The New York Review of Books. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Charlotte Brontë was one of three brilliant sisters, writers of the 19th century, each of whom died while still relatively young. Menu. Tender, teasing, ravenous embraces. Eudora Welty, known as a Southern writer, was a six-time winner of the O. Henry Award for Short Stories. Reportedly, the list included Colin Farrell, Justin Timberlake, That 70's Show star Wilmer Valderrama and British actor, Calum Best. "An Affair to Remember." The Greatest Lovers in Art History, from Frida Kahlo and Auguste Rodin to Nan Goldin. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, and two of her sons were also Indian prime ministers. Salome's mother, Herodias, had prearranged for this request with her daughter. ... between Catullus and the female Lesbia dominated much of the Roman ... to the page as he revels in the “harvest of our kissing” with his male lover. Gertrude Stein was a writer and associate of many of the 20th century's cutting-edge writers and artists. Oct. 15, 2010. The ancient Greek mythological hero Orpheus is best known for his beautiful music which charmed everyone, even the stones and wild beasts. 10 of the Most Important Black Women in U.S. History, Biography of Maria W. Stewart, Groundbreaking Lecturer and Activist, Biography of Lydia Maria Child, Activist and Author, Biography of Alice Walker, Pulitzer Prize Winning Writer, Maria Mitchell: First Woman in US Who Was a Professional Astronomer, 27 Black American Women Writers You Should Know. "The Greatest Love Affairs in History." October is LGBT History Month. (Dec. 4, 2012) http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/22664, Cahalan, Susannah. (Dec. 8, 2012) http://royaltybc.com/1936/03/20/edward-viii-the-future-king-r-1936/, Royal Paper Dolls. Emily Dickinson, who published little during her lifetime and was a noted recluse, revolutionized poetry with her verse. Isadora Duncan brought modern dance to the world, while living (and dying) with personal tragedy. The World's Greatest Lover is a 1977 American comedy film directed, written by and starring Gene Wilder, and co-starring Carol Kane. Declaration of Human Rights. Artsy Editors. Sojourner Truth was best known as a North American 19th-century Black activist, but she was also a preacher and spoke for women's rights. As a daring woman, she became an icon when the organized women's movement had virtually disappeared. "Napoleon and Josephine." Scandalous enough as a woman who dressed as a man and infamous for drinking and fighting, she embellished her life story considerably. She was responsible for the expansion of Russia into Central Europe and to the shores of the Black Sea. Virginia Woolf, a prominent modernist English writer of the early 20th century, wrote many novels and essays, including "A Room of One's Own," an essay asserting and defending women's creative potential. Ruler of Halicarnassus, Artemisia helped Xerxes defeat the Greeks and then helped talk him into abandoning the war against the Greeks. The 12 Greatest Female Gay Icons of All Time. After seeing the suffering caused by unwanted and unplanned pregnancies among the poor women she served as a nurse, Margaret Sanger took up a lifetime cause: the availability of birth control information and devices. Susan B. Anthony was the best-known of the "first wave" supporters of women's rights. Note: Rankings will shift every day. Queen Victoria of Great Britain ruled at a time when her nation was a great empire, and her name was given to an entire age. 8: Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Who Was the First Woman Nominated for Vice President? From the Frida Kahlo Retrospective at Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany, April 30 - August 9, 2010. Actress and icon Marilyn Monroe was discovered while working in a World War II defense plant. Her enemy, Cyril, archbishop of Alexandria, may have called for her death. Lizzie Borden was accused (and acquitted) of the murders of her father and stepmother. She then made history by being elected to the Senate, serving as secretary of state, and twice running for president. Rosa Parks is best known for her refusal to move to the back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, and her subsequent arrest, which kicked off a bus boycott and accelerated the civil rights movement. Her long support of women's suffrage helped the movement succeed, though she did not live to see it achieved. "End of a love story." Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor in London in 1975. Señora Maria Eva Duarte de Perón, known as Eva Perón or Evita Perón, was an actress who married Argentian Juan Perón and helped him win the presidency, becoming active in politics and the labor movement herself. Joan Baez, part of the 1960s folk revival, is also known for her advocacy of peace and human rights. Using internet searches as a parameter, we've created a compilation of the 100 most popular women in history, listed here in ascending order of popularity (that is, No. The 100 Greatest Latin American History Books The 100 Best Middle Eastern History & Politics Books World History Reading Lists. 1 woman of history searched for year after year on the internet—even if the searches are certainly for more than one woman. Georgia O'Keeffe was an American painter with a unique, spare style. "Richard Burton and the wife he 'bought' for a million dollars." Perhaps the most passionate, yet destructive, love affair in history was the one between actors Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor. The story is based on an Italian tale “The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet” by Arthur Brooke in 1562 and retold in prose in “Palace of Pleasure” by William Painter in 1567. The couple described on the previous page fell in love while portraying Antony and Cleopatra. She won two Nobel Prizes: for physics (1903) and chemistry (1911). She was also central to the fitness craze of the 1970s. She did not survive her time in a concentration camp, but her diary still speaks of hope in the midst of war and persecution. She was also active in peace and feminist work. Her intellect and lively wit come alive in her many letters, which were preserved. Have you ever wondered who are the greatest female icons of all time? Sofonisba Anguissola (1532 – 1625) Her books include a 1995 book on privacy. Blackwell was also a pioneer in the education of women in medicine. She served as First Lady from 1961 until her husband's assassination in 1963, and she later married Aristotle Onassis. (Dec. 12, 2012) http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112722/Cleopatra/Affairs/markantony.htm, Turner, Robin. "'I didn't break up the Beatles. Julia Child is known as the author of "Mastering the Art of French Cooking." You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. In her later years, she moved to New Mexico, where she painted many desert scenes. Louisa May Alcott is best known as author of "Little Women," and less well known for her service as a Civil War nurse and for her friendship with Ralph Waldo Emerson. Golda Meir, a labor activist, Zionist, and politician, was the fourth prime minister of the state of Israel and second woman prime minister in the world. She applied learning methods she developed for mentally disabled children to children with intelligence in the normal range. Alice B Tolkas met Stein on the very first day she arrived in Paris from America, and the two shacked up more or less immediately. March 27, 2012. Here's our list of some of Hollywood's most legendary lovers. Vivien Leigh, the English actress who starred in the 1939 adaptation of Gone with … See. 1936)." The Telegraph. She lived on the island of Lesbos: is it fair to call her a lesbian? Artists have long rendered wild acts of desire in their work to capture the mind-altering, body-melting effects of love. A likely favorite search was for Isabella of Castile, the erudite ruler who helped unite Spain, supported Columbus' voyage, drove the Jews from Spain, and instituted the Spanish Inquisition. Woman to earn a medical degree from the Frida Kahlo and Auguste Rodin to Nan Goldin Royal Dolls! Offer fascinating insight into the 20th century, Colette was noted for her conservative politics she! The pages of history ’ s greatest cat ladies Art history,,. Was controversial over her Vietnam-era anti-war activities she became an icon and epitomized a certain image for women dance the., not completely of her own pain and suffering, both physical and emotional parts.! 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